Dynamic modelling of wheel-terrain interaction of a UGV

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Conference Proceeding
Proceedings of the 2007 IEEE Intl. Conf. on Automation Science and Engineering, 2007, pp. 369 - 374
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Understanding the vehicle-terrain interaction is essential for autonomous and safe operations of skid-steering unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs). This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the dynamic processes involved in this interaction, using the vehicle kinetics and the theory of terramechanics to derive systematically shear displacement, reaction force, and load distribution for a wheel. The new model is then summarized in the form of an algorithm to allow for computation of characteristic performance of the interaction such as slip ratios, rolling resistance, and moment of turning resistance for a number of terrain types. Given the current state of the vehicle and terrain parameters, the model can be used to estimate its next states and to predict the vehicle running path. The development is illustrated by simulation and verified with experimental data.
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