Reciprocity in the Formation of Intergenerational Coresidence

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 2015, 36 (2), pp. 192 - 209
Issue Date:
2015-06-01
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© 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Children play a key role in supporting elderly parents, and the literature has consistently found reciprocity whereby parents compensate their children for providing care and attention. To understand how the mode of compensation is related to the characteristics of parents and children, we studied the determinants of transitions to parent–child coresidence in Japan. The results conformed to the hypothesis that the mode of reciprocity depends on the costs and benefits of coresidence for each family member. Parental assets and care needs were associated with coresidence. Additionally, transitions to coresidence with married parents were characterized by young, unmarried children and the presence of parental housing assets, whereas transitions to coresidence with widowed mothers were characterized by mothers’ non-housing assets.
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