FPGA sensorless PMSM drive with adaptive fading extended Kalman filtering

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Conference Proceeding
2014 13th International Conference on Control Automation Robotics and Vision, ICARCV 2014, 2014, pp. 295 - 300
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© 2014 IEEE. This paper addresses the design and implementation of an Adaptive Fading Extended Kaiman Filter (AF-EKF) for the sensorless Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) on a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) chip. The rotor position and speed of the motor are estimated by the implemented AF-EKF and their estimates are then used in vector control of the PMSM. In conventional Kaiman filtering, abrupt state changes may not be tracked adequately since sudden variations may seriously affect the auto-correlation Gaussian property of white noise in the filter residuals. For this, the AF-EKF has been developed to recover the estimation results in events of frequent and sharp state jumps. The AF-EKF is, therefore, a promising estimator for PMSM drives that are subject to frequently-varying loads speed commands. Here, for realization of the PMSM sensorless control using the system-on-programmable-chip technology, high-speed arithmetic functions and pipelining are employed in the FPGA implementation. The finite state machine method is also used to facilitate the execution timing and chip design. The co-simulation of Modelsim/Simulink shows effectiveness of the proposed chip-based AF-EKF PMSM speed estimation.
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