Domestic Environments

National Museum of Australia Press
Glorious Days: Australia 1913, 2013, First, pp. 121 - 133
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By 1913, more than one-third (37 per cent) of Australia's population lived in cities and we can marshal much evidence - from material culture, oral histories, and submissions before commissions into the living wage and housing - to create a snapshot of domestic life at this time. In the preceding century, the connections between high rates of disease, poverty and crime, and inadequate, overcrowded housing had become clear. Town planning, improved domesti architectun: an the provi ion of basi amenities were increasingly embraced for their role in social engineering and as solutions to medical problems. Home ownership was seen as a path out of poverty and into respeccability. and rhe loan chemes that cn~blcd the PUl'dltlS of homes in all AustTaliru, sUites by [he 1920 have their rootS in the workers' hO\.UIing Acts; for example, Western Australia's Workers' Homes Act of 1911.
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