A randomised trial of a weight loss intervention for overweight and obese people diagnosed with coronary heart disease and/or type 2 diabetes

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2012, 44 (1), pp. 119 - 128
Issue Date:
2012-08-01
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Background Weight reduction limits disease progression in obese people with coronary heart disease (CHD) and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Purpose To test a 16-week group-based weight reduction intervention combining exercise, diet and behaviour change strategies aimed to increase self-efficacy (Healthy Eating and Exercise Lifestyle Program-HEELP) on weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and exercise. Methods Participants with CHD and/or T2DM and BMI between 27 to 39 kg/m2 were randomised to HEELP (n= 83) or usual care (n=65). Results Participants were aged a mean 63.47 years (SD 8.9), male (58 %) and Caucasian (79 %). HEELP participants lost significantly more weight, BMI and waist circumference and exercised more days/week for a longer duration/week than usual care. Clinically significant weight loss (=5 %) was more common in HEELP than usual care. Conclusion TheHEELP resulted in weight loss and improved exercise behaviour in obese people with CHD and T2DM. © The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2012.
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