Sport participation legacy and the hosting of mega-sport events

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Exploring the Social Impacts of Events, 2013, 1, pp. 97 - 111
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Over the past 30 years, a growing stream of research has been ~onducted that explores the social consequences and resulting impacts of staging mega-sport events, such as the Olympic Games (Cashman et at. 2004). We know that staging mega-sport events as large as the Olympic Games can create 'considerable turbulence' for a host community (Lesjo 2000: 282) and as a consequence of their size and scope these types of events are 'seldom embraced as "windows of opportunity" without opposition' (Hiller 1990: 120). Over recent years, an evcrbroadening range of studies have investigated both the productive and restrictive features and impacts that are generated by mega-sporl events and in particular those created when hosting the Olympic Games (Malfas et al. 2004). This chapter starts by providing a succinct overview of this literature. The main purpose of the chapter, however, is to discuss an area that surprisingly has been under-researched in the field of Olympics legacy studies. The research area in question specifically relates to the impact that the hosting of mega-sport events, such as the Olympic Games, has on sport participation within host communities. The second part of the chapter will discuss and analyse this literature.
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