A systematic review of doctors' experiences and needs to support the care of women with female genital mutilation.

Publisher:
Elsevier
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 2015, 131 (1), pp. 35 - 40
Issue Date:
2015-10
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BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) involves partial or complete removal of the external female genitalia or other injury for non-therapeutic reasons. Little is known about the knowledge and skills of doctors who care for affected women and their practice in relation to FGM. OBJECTIVES: To examine the FGM experiences and educational needs of doctors. SEARCH STRATEGY: A structured search of five bibliographic databases was undertaken to identify peer-reviewed research literature published in English between 2004 and 2014 using the keywords "female genital mutilation," "medical," "doctors," "education," and "training." SELECTION CRITERIA: Observational, quasi-experimental, and non-experimental descriptive studies were suitable for inclusion. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: A narrative synthesis of the study findings was undertaken and themes were identified. MAIN RESULTS: Ten papers were included in the review, three of which were from low-income countries. The analysis identified three themes: knowledge and attitudes, FGM-related medical practices, and education and training. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need for improved education and training to build knowledge and skills, and to change attitudes concerning the medicalization of FGM and reinfibulation.
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