产业链建设与贫困地区经济发展研究--以云南花卉产业建设为例 = Construction of industrial chain and economic development in poor regions : a case study of the construction of floral industry in Yunnan
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本文从产业链研究入手，通过都产业经济理论的回顾，对企业成本理论、产业竞争理论、产业集聚的形成、构成及其相互关系等进行全面分析。通过产业集聚原理，探索产业链构成、产业链建设的规律、产业链建设风险控制等，构建产业链建设的基本模型，并结合产业链建设对中国贫困地区的扶贫方式、扶贫绩效以及扶贫过程中的经验和教训进行深入研究。本文以云南花卉产业为例，对云南省花卉产业建设的现狀和面临的问题进行分析；对云南花卉产业链建设的可行性、迫切性及其瓶颈问题、花卉产业链的创新建设、花卉产业链供应链和市场营销建设、花卉产业链环境建设、花卉产业链扶贫的风险控制等展开系统研究。紧紧抓住产业链建设的关键和重点问题，全面分析产业链建设与贫困地区扶贫的內在联系，从中找出适合于产业链建设的方法和途径并以证明通过产业链建设实现中国贫困地区广大农民脱贫致富的方法和路径。至此也希望通过学术研究能够为更广泛的贫困地区提供扶贫理论依据。 本文共分9章。第1章为绪论，主要说明产业及其产业链的基本概念和基本特征。第2、3、4、5章分别为：企业与区域经济增长、产业链分析、产业链建设的方法和途径、产业链的演变及其可持续发展规律。主要研究产业集聚效应和企业市场竞争优势、产业链的形成及其运行方式、产业链的地位和作用、产业链建设的方式和途径、产业链的演变规律和风险控制等。第6章為中国的贫困状况，主要研究中国及云南省贫困产生的原因和现狀、解决中国贫困问题的方法和途径。第7章為云南省产业链建设的实证分析，通过云南省花卉产业建设的实例，分析产业链建设对产业绩效和产业所在区域贫困治理的意义和作用。第8、9章分别为：加快产业链建设推动贫困地区农民脱贫致富和结束语。通过对产业链建设的风险作出评价并提出基本对策，对本文研究的内容作出总结并提出今后研究的方向。 After the review of the principle of industry economics, this paper has a comprehensive analysis on enterprise cost theory, industry competition theory, the formation of industry concentration and its components as well as their interrelationship. The exploration of issues on industry concentration, industry chain construction, risk control would be significant for the formation of basic model. Also it could be benefit for the study on poverty alleviation in undeveloped areas in China Taking Yunnan floral industry as a case study, this paper examines the current situation and problems of Yunnan floral industry. A systematic research is carried on such issues as following: the feasibility and the innovative development of industrial chain in Yunnan floral industry and its bottleneck; the supply chain and marketing effort, the environmental development and the risk control associated with poverty alleviation. The aim of this article is to identify the proper method for the construction of industrial chain, to explore the interrelationship between the construction of industrial chain and poverty alleviation in rural areas, it is believed that the construction of industry chain may be benefit to poverty reduction to certain extent. This paper is divided into nine chapters. The first chapter is an introduction to the basic definitions and essential features of industry and industrial chain. The next four chapters are devoted to examine the effects of industry concentration, competitiveness advantages of enterprises, the formation, operation and the role of industrial chain as well as its evolvement and risk control. Emphasis is put on enterprises and regional economic growth, industrial chain analysis, method and approach of construction of industrial chain, the evolvement of industrial chain and the rule of sustainable development. Chapter 6 deals with the Chinese poverty, especially the cause and current situation of poverty in Yunnan province and poverty alleviation. Chapter 7 is an empirical analysis on the construction of industrial chain. A case study on the construction of Yunnan floral industry shows the function and significance of industrial chain in industry effects and poverty alleviation. Chapter 8 and 9, the last two chapters develop countermeasures on construction risks of industrial chain based on a comprehensive risk evaluation. It is hoped that the results of this study will expedite the construction of industrial chain, which may help poverty reduction in rural areas.
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