Dynamic model of the grinding process

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Journal of Sound and Vibration, 2005, 280 (1-2), pp. 425 - 432
Issue Date:
2005-02-07
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Grinding is one of the most versatile methods of removing material from machine parts to provide precise geometry. Dynamic analysis of the grinding process is necessary to reduce the surface waviness and roughness induced by vibrations, and to offer a machining accuracy in the order of nanometers. This research is to investigate the dynamic function of the grinding process. A new approach to determination of cutting factors in dynamic grinding is proposed. Attention is paid to the mechanisms of dynamic grinding from the kinematics viewpoint. A non-linear dynamic model is developed to investigate the dynamic characteristics of the grinding process. The model demonstrates that different vibration frequencies result in qualitatively different behavior of the grinding machine. The relationship between grinding force variations and vibration frequency is revealed. The formulas to calculate cutting force variations are given. A comparison of the theoretical transfer function of dynamic grinding and experimental one shows good matching. As a result, the paper significantly expands the opportunities of vibration control of grinding machines. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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