Benchmarking management practices in Australian public healthcare

Publisher:
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Journal of Health Organization and Management, 2016, 30 (1), pp. 31 - 56
Issue Date:
2016
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Purpose: This paper investigates the quality of management practices of public hospitals in the Australian healthcare system, specifically those in the state-managed health systems of Queensland and New South Wales (NSW). Further, we assess the management practices of Queensland and NSW public hospitals jointly and globally benchmark against those in the health systems of seven other countries, namely USA, UK, Sweden, France, Germany, Italy and Canada. Design/methodology/approach: In this study, we adapt the unique and globally-deployed Bloom et al. (2009) survey instrument that uses a ‘double blind, double scored’ methodology and an interview-based scoring grid to measure and internationally benchmark the management practices in Queensland and NSW public hospitals based on 21 management dimensions across four broad areas of management – operations, performance monitoring, targets and people management. Findings: The findings reveal the areas of strength and potential areas of improvement in the Queensland and NSW Health hospital management practices when compared with public hospitals in seven countries, namely USA, UK, Sweden, France, Germany, Italy and Canada. Together, Queensland and NSW Health hospitals perform best in operations management followed by performance monitoring. While target management presents scope for improvement, people management is the sphere where these Australian hospitals lag the most. Practical implications: This paper is of interest to both hospital administrators and health care policy-makers aiming to lift management quality at the hospital level as well as at the institutional level, as a vehicle to consistently deliver sustainable high-quality health services. Originality/value: This study provides the first internationally comparable robust measure of management capability in Australian public hospitals, where hospitals are run independently by the state-run healthcare systems. Additionally, this research study contributes to the empirical evidence-base on the quality of management practices in the Australian public healthcare systems of Queensland and NSW.
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