Controllable open macrosystems in thermodynamics and microeconomics

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Journal Article
Open Systems and Information Dynamics, 2005, 12 (4), pp. 347 - 363
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In this paper stationary regimes of open macro-systems that include active subsystems (with controlled parameters) near equilibrium are considered. A generalized Prigogine extremal principle for such systems is formulated and proved. The conditions on optimal behavior of active subsystems in such systems are derived. It is shown that the obtained general results can be specified for thermodynamic and microeconomic systems to obtain the heat engine maximal power, the minimal irreversible work of separation, the limiting productivity of heat driven separation and the maximal capital extraction. © Springer 2005.
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