Oxygen uptake estimation in humans during exercise using a Hammerstein model

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 2007, 35 (11), pp. 1898 - 1906
Issue Date:
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This paper aims to establish a block-structured model to predict oxygen uptake in humans during moderate treadmill exercises. To model the steady state relationship between oxygen uptake (oxygen consumption) and walking speed, six healthy male subjects walked on a motor driven treadmill with constant speed from 2 to 7 km/h. The averaged oxygen uptake at steady state (VO 2) was measured by a mixing chamber based gas analysis and ventilation measurement system (AEI Moxus Metabolic Cart). Based on these reliable date, a nonlinear steady state relationship was successfully established using Support Vector Regression methods. In order to capture the dynamics of oxygen uptake, the treadmill velocity was modulated using a Pseudo Random Binary Signal (PRBS) input. Breath by breath analysis of all subjects was performed. An ARX model was developed to accurately reproduce the measured oxygen uptake dynamics within the aerobic range. Finally, a Hammerstein model was developed, which may be useful for implementing a control system for the regulation of oxygen uptake during treadmill exercises. © 2007 Biomedical Engineering Society.
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