The development of community-based tourism: Re-thinking the relationship between tour operators and development agents as intermediaries in rural and isolated area communities

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 2002, 10 (3), pp. 191 - 206
Issue Date:
2002-07-01
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The purpose of this paper is to invoke a Foucauldian framework in order to re-think the development of community-based tourism by focusing on the relationship between intermediaries and rural and isolated area communities in Papua New Guinea. Foucault's concepts of power/knowledge and governmentality provide a'way of thinking' about this relationship that challenges the dominant discourse of the tourism industry. To further elaborate these alternative concepts, the researchers lead a discussion through a number of areas that impact on the development of community-based tourism. These include the introduction of western models of management and their ability to undermine traditional forms of knowledge, the conceptualisation of the tourist destinationas interactive space, and a critique of the tourism industry through poststructuralist feminist theory. From these perspectivescommunity-based tourism or ecotourism suggests a symbolic or mutual relationship where the tourist is not given central priority but becomes an equal part of the system. © 2002, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. All rights reserved.
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