Prevalence, Patterns, and Predictors of Tai Chi and Qigong Use in the US: Results From a Nationally Representative Survey
- Publication Type:
- Conference Proceeding
- The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 2016, 22 (6), pp. A79 - A80
- Issue Date:
Purpose: This study examined the prevalence, patterns, and predictors of Tai Chi and Qigong use in the US general population. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) (n = 34, 525), with weighted frequencies were used to analyze lifetime and 12-month prevalence and patterns of use. Independent predictors of practice were analyzed using logistic regression models. Analyzes were conducted in 2015. Results: The lifetime and 12-month prevalence of Tai Chi/Qigong practice were 3.1% and 1.2%, respectively. 12-month prevalence was associated with age above 30 years (PR 1.50–2.11); being African American (OR 1.56), Asian (OR 1.69) or of other ethnic origin (OR 2.36); living in the West, being college educated (OR 2.51), single and light to heavy alcohol consumer (OR 1.51–1.75). Among those practitioners, 38.6% attended formal classes. Tai Chi/Qigong was practiced for general wellness/disease prevention (74.2%), to improve energy (67.2%), immune function (40.5%), or athletic performance (40.6%) and memory/concentration (38.1%). Stress, arthritis and joint problems (each 13.3%) were the most frequent specific health problems for Tai Chi/Qigong practice. Conclusion: The 12-month prevalence of Tai Chi/Qigong practice only marginally increased over the past 10 years. Nowadays not only Asians, but also African Americans and those of other ethnic origin were now more likely to practice Tai Chi/Qigong. Given that minorities are less likely to participate in health promoting activities, Tai Chi and Qigong might be specifically attractive for this population. The analysis also highlighted gaps between clinical application and research in certain areas, where research does not match utilization patterns.
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