Impact of different numerical techniques on damage identification in structures

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Conference Proceeding
Materials, Experimentation, Maintenance and Rehabilitation - Proceedings of the 10th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, EASEC 2010, 2006, pp. 111 - 116
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Damage identification techniques have been widely investigated and used for structural damage evaluation. Many researchers have shown good results in detecting, locating and quantifying damage in structures using various damage identification algorithms and methods. One of the popular and promising damage identification methods is modified damage index (MDI) which utilises modal strain energy (MSE) and a statistical approach. However, when using this damage identification method, numerical techniques used in realising the damage detection algorithm plays an important role for the final outcome. The use of different techniques in detection of damage has not been widely investigated. In this paper, a finite element (FE) model of a timber beam was developed as a test structure. Modal responses of the test structure were generated using a FE software package. The damage index algorithm, utilising modal strain energy as its damage indicator, was computed. In the computation process, different numerical techniques at different stages were utilised to process the data. Since in practice, the number of modal data is usually limited, it is recommended that the mode shape data to be expanded using mode shape reconstruction technique. Thus, the raw data was reconstructed using two different mode shape reconstruction techniques, namely Shannon's sampling theorem and cubic spline. The computation of MDI is enabled by numerical integration method. In this paper, two numerical integration methods were performed viz trapezoidal and rectangular rules. The manipulated data is subsequently transformed into standard normal space. The mode shape was mass normalised and the mode shape curvature was normalised with respect to the maximum value of each considered mode. For practicality purposes, the first two flexural mode shapes were used in the algorithms computation. Among the two proposed numerical integration methods, the rectangular rule has shown greater potential. The cubic spline mode shape reconstruction technique shows better results compared to the Shannon's sampling theorem. © 2006 by School of Engineering and Technology, Asian Institute of Technology.
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