Semi-active direct control of civil structure seismic responses using magneto-rheological dampers

Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Automation and Robotics in Construction - Proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction, 2007, pp. 157 - 162
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As building structures frequently collapse and cause losses of lives and properties, due to excessive vibrations induced during earthquake periods, it is crucial to reduce the structural vibrations. This paper develops a Lyapunov-based controller for Magnetorheological (MR) dampers embedded in building structures to mitigate quake-induced vibrations. In this work, MR dampers are used as semi-active devices, taking the advantages of the fail-safe operation and low power requirement. To enhance the system performance, a Lyapunov-based controller is proposed here for direct control of the supply currents of the MR dampers placed in a multi-storey building. The effectiveness of the proposed technique is verified in simulation by using a ten-storey building model subject to quake-like excitations.
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