An entropy-based indicator system for measuring the potential of patents in technological innovation: rejecting moderation

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Scientometrics, 2017, 111 (3), pp. 1925 - 1946
Issue Date:
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© 2017, Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary. How to evaluate the value of a patent in technological innovation quantitatively and systematically challenges bibliometrics. Traditional indicator systems and weighting approaches mostly lead to “moderation” results; that is, patents ranked to a top list can have only good-looking values on all indicators rather than distinctive performances in certain individual indicators. Orienting patents authorized by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), this paper constructs an entropy-based indicator system to measure their potential in technological innovation. Shannon’s entropy is introduced to quantitatively weight indicators and a collaborative filtering technique is used to iteratively remove negative patents. What remains is a small set of positive patents with potential in technological innovation as the output. A case study with 28,509 USPTO-authorized patents with Chinese assignees, covering the period from 1976 to 2014, demonstrates the feasibility and reliability of this method.
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