The health benefits of rugby- specific small-sided games for sedentary populations

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Science and Football VIII: The Proceedings of the Eighth World Congress on Science and Football, 2016, pp. 71 - 79
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A physically inactive lifestyle, coupled with excess calorie intake can lead to increased adiposity and decreased lean muscle mass (Lakka and Laaksonen, 2007). It has been suggested that these changes in fat–muscle-mass ratio are associated with altering chronic systemic inflammatory and glucose regulatory mechanisms (Egan and Zierath, 2013; Ouchi et al., 2011). Cross-sectional investigations have reported an inverse relationship between aerobic fitness with levels of chronic systemic inflammation (Panagiotakos et al., 2005). Accordingly, a primary prevention strategy involves engagement in exercise to promote changes in aerobic fitness and body composition to restore the pro- and anti-inflammatory balance (Ouchi et al., 2011). Furthermore, an improved systemic inflammatory state, as evidenced by a reduction in pro-inflammatory cytokines, may have direct influences on glycemic control and positive repercussions within skeletal muscle through improved anti-inflammatory mechanisms (Ouchi et al., 2011).
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