Multistep Model Predictive Control for Cascaded H-Bridge Inverters: Formulation and Analysis

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2018, 33 (1), pp. 876 - 886
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© 1986-2012 IEEE. In this paper, a suitable long prediction horizon (multistep) model predictive control (MPC) formulation for cascaded H-bridge inverters is proposed. The MPC is formulated to include the full steady-state system information in terms of output current and output voltage references. Generally, basic single-step predictive controllers only track the current references. As a distinctive feature, the proposed MPC also tracks the control input references, which in this case is designed to minimize the common-mode voltage (CMV). This allows the controller to address both output current and CMV targets in a single optimization. To reduce the computational effort introduced by a long prediction horizon implementation, the proposed MPC formulation is transformed into an equivalent optimization problem that can be solved by a fast sphere decoding algorithm. Moreover, the benefits of including the control input references in the proposed formulation are analyzed based on this equivalent optimization problem. This analysis is key to understand how the proposed MPC formulation can handle both control targets. Experimental results show that the proposal provides an improved steady-state performance in terms of current distortion, inverter voltages symmetry, and CMV.
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