Simulated maximum likelihood estimation based on first-order conditions

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Journal Article
International Economic Review, 2009, 50 (2), pp. 627 - 675
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I describe a strategy for structural estimation that uses simulated maximum likelihood (SML) to estimate the structural parameters appearing in a model's first-order conditions (FOCs). Generalized method of moments (GMM) is often the preferred method for estimation of FOCs, as it avoids distributional assumptions on stochastic terms, provided all structural errors enter the FOCs additively, giving a single composite additive error. But SML has advantages over GMM in models where multiple structural errors enter the FOCs nonadditively. I develop new simulation algorithms required to implement SML based on FOCs, and I illustrate the method using a model of U.S. multinational corporations. © 2009 by the Economics Department of the University of Pennsylvania and the Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association.
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