Revisiting Surface Modification of Graphite: Dual-Layer Coating for High-Performance Lithium Battery Anode Materials

Publisher:
Wiley
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Chemistry - An Asian Journal, 2016, 11 pp. 1711 - 1717
Issue Date:
2016-01-01
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© 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.Surface modification of electrode active materials has garnered considerable attention as a facile way to meet stringent requirements of advanced lithium-ion batteries. Here, we demonstrated a new coating strategy based on dual layers comprising antimony-doped tin oxide (ATO) nanoparticles and carbon. The ATO nanoparticles are synthesized via a hydrothermal method and act as electronically conductive/electrochemically active materials. The as-synthesized ATO nanoparticles are introduced on natural graphite along with citric acid used as a carbon precursor. After carbonization, the carbon/ATO-decorated natural graphite (c/ATO-NG) is produced. In the (carbon/ATO) dual-layer coating, the ATO nanoparticles coupled with the carbon layer exhibit unprecedented synergistic effects. The resultant c/ATO-NG anode materials display significant improvements in capacity (530mAhg-1), cycling retention (capacity retention of 98.1% after 50cycles at a rate of C/5), and low electrode swelling (volume expansion of 38% after 100cycles) which outperform that of typical graphite materials. Furthermore, a full-cell consisting of a c/ATO-NG anode and an LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode presents excellent cycle retention (capacity retention of >80% after 100cycles). We envision that the dual-layer coating concept proposed herein opens a new route toward high-performance anode materials for lithium-ion batteries.
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