Epithelium-dependent modulation of responsiveness of airways from caveolin-1 knockout mice is mediated through cyclooxygenase-2 and 5-lipoxygenase.

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Journal Article
British journal of pharmacology, 2012, 167 (3), pp. 548 - 560
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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute silencing of caveolin-1 (Cav-1) modulates receptor-mediated contraction of airway smooth muscle. Moreover, COX-2- and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO)-derived prostaglandin and leukotriene biosynthesis can influence smooth muscle reactivity. COX-2 half-life can be prolonged through association with Cav-1. We suggested that lack of Cav-1 modulated levels of COX-2 which in turn modulated tracheal contraction, when arachidonic acid signalling was disturbed by inhibition of COX-2. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Using tracheal rings from Cav-1 knockout (KO) and wild-type mice (B6129SF2/J), we measured isometric contractions to methacholine and used PCR, immunoblotting and immunohistology to monitor expression of relevant proteins. KEY RESULTS: Tracheal rings from Cav-1 KO and wild-type mice exhibited similar responses, but the COX-2 inhibitor, indomethacin, increased responses of tracheal rings from Cav-1 KO mice to methacholine. The phospholipase A₂ inhibitor, eicosatetraynoic acid, which inhibits formation of both COX-2 and 5-LO metabolites, had no effect on wild-type or Cav-1 KO tissues. Indomethacin-mediated hyperreactivity was ablated by the LTD₄ receptor antagonist (montelukast) and 5-LO inhibitor (zileuton). The potentiating effect of indomethacin on Cav-1 KO responses to methacholine was blocked by epithelial denudation. Immunoprecipitation showed that COX-2 binds Cav-1 in wild-type lungs. Immunoblotting and qPCR revealed elevated levels of COX-2 and 5-LO protein, but not COX-1, in Cav-1 KO tracheas, a feature that was prevented by removal of the epithelium. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: The indomethacin-induced hypercontractility observed in Cav-1 KO tracheas was linked to increased expression of COX-2 and 5-LO, which probably enhanced arachidonic acid shunting and generation of pro-contractile leukotrienes when COX-2 was inhibited.
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