Selenium and spermine alleviate cadmium induced toxicity in the red seaweed Gracilaria dura by regulating antioxidants and DNA methylation
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 2012, 51 pp. 129 - 138
- Issue Date:
Copyright Clearance Process
- Recently Added
- In Progress
- Closed Access
This item is closed access and not available.
The protective role of exogenously supplied selenium (Se) and polyamines (PAs) such as putrescine (Put) and spermine (Spm) in detoxifying the cadmium (Cd) induced toxicity was studied in the marine red alga Gracilaria dura in laboratory conditions. The Cd exposure (0.4 mM) impede the growth of alga while triggering the reactive oxygen species (ROS viz. O 2•- and H 2O 2) generation, inhibition of antioxidant system, and enhancing the lipoxygenase (LOX) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) level and demethylation of DNA. Additions of Se (50 μM) and/or Spm (1 mM) to the culture medium in contrast to Put, efficiently ameliorated the Cd toxicity by decreasing the accumulation of ROS and MDA contents, while restoring or enhancing the level of enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants and their redox ratio, phycobiliproteins and phytochelatins, over the controls. The isoforms of antioxidant enzymes namely superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD, ∼ 150 kDa; Fe-SOD ∼120 kDa), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px, ∼120 and 140 kDa), glutathione reductase (GR, ∼110 kDa) regulated differentially to Se and/or Spm supplementation. Furthermore, it has also resulted in enhanced levels of endogenous PAs (specially free and bound insoluble Put and Spm) and n-6 PUFAs (C20-3, n-6 and C20-4, n-6). This is for the first time wherein Se and Spm were found to regulate the stabilization of DNA methylation by reducing the events of cytosine demethylation in a mechanism to alleviate the Cd stress in marine alga. The present findings reveal that both Se and Spm play a crucial role in controlling the Cd induced oxidative stress in G. dura. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: