Assessment of intracochlear trauma caused by the insertion of a new straight research array.

Maney Publishing
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Cochlear Implants International, 2012, 13 (3), pp. 156 - 162
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
Files in This Item:
OBJECTIVE: To assess the degree of intracochlear trauma using the Cochlear™ Straight Research Array (SRA). This electrode has recently been released by Cochlear™ on the CI422 implant. BACKGROUND: Electroacoustic stimulation (EAS) enables recipients to benefit from cochlear implantation while retaining their natural low-frequency hearing. A disadvantage of short EAS electrodes is that short electrodes provide limited low-frequency stimulation. Thus, loss of the residual hearing may require reimplantation with a longer electrode. In order to overcome this problem, the slim diameter SRA with increased length (20-25 mm) has been designed to provide a deeper, yet non-traumatic insertion. METHODS: Two insertion studies into temporal bones were undertaken. The first involved dissection of the cochlea to gain a view into the scala vestibuli and insertion of the SRA and control electrodes with a microactuator for a surgeon-independent yet controlled insertion. High-speed photography was used to record data. The second study involved a high-resolution X-ray microcomputed tomography (microCT) study to assess electrode placement and tissue preservation in surgeon-implanted bones. RESULTS: The SRA had a smooth insertion trajectory. The average angular insertion depth was 383° when inserted until resistance was encountered, and 355° if inserted to a predetermined mark for EAS use. In addition, microCT data showed that this caused no significant trauma or distortion of the basilar membrane up to 20 mms depth. CONCLUSION: Temporal bone studies show that the SRA appears to cause no intracochlear trauma if used as an EAS electrode up to 20 mm depth of insertion.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: