Identification of a Calcium Signalling Pathway of S-[6]-Gingerol in HuH-7 Cells.

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Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013, 2013 pp. 951758 - ?
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Calcium signals in hepatocytes control cell growth, proliferation, and death. Members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channel superfamily are candidate calcium influx channels. NF κ B activation strictly depends on calcium influx and often induces antiapoptotic genes favouring cell survival. Previously, we reported that S-[6]-gingerol is an efficacious agonist of the transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1) in neurones. In this study, we tested the effect of S-[6]-gingerol on HuH-7 cells using the Fluo-4 calcium assay, RT-qPCR, transient cell transfection, and luciferase measurements. We found that S-[6]-gingerol induced a transient rise in [Ca(2+)] i in HuH-7 cells. The increase in [Ca(2+)] i induced by S-[6]-gingerol was abolished by preincubation with EGTA and was also inhibited by the TRPV1 channel antagonist capsazepine. Expression of TRPV1 in HuH-7 cells was confirmed by mRNA analysis as well as a test for increase of [Ca(2+)] i by TRPV1 agonist capsaicin and its inhibition by capsazepine. We found that S-[6]-gingerol induced rapid NF κ B activation through TRPV1 in HuH-7 cells. Furthermore, S-[6]-gingerol-induced NF κ B activation was dependent on the calcium gradient and TRPV1. The rapid NF κ B activation by S-[6]-gingerol was associated with an increase in mRNA levels of NF κ B-target genes: cIAP-2, XIAP, and Bcl-2 that encode antiapoptotic proteins.
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