Electrochemical properties and discharge mechanism of Na/TiS<inf>2</inf> cells with liquid electrolyte at room temperature

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Journal Article
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2013, 160 (2)
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J. Electrochem. Soc.-2013-Ryu-A338-43.pdfPublished Version853.94 kB
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The electrochemical properties of Na/TiS2 cells fabricated from Na anodes and TiS2 cathodes and 1M sodium trifluoromethanesulfonate in tetraethyleneglycol dimethylether liquid electrolyte have been investigated. The discharge curve has two plateau regions of 2.1 V and 1.6 V. The loss of discharge capacity appeared mainly in the upper plateau (UP) region (2.0-2.6 V) and the discharge capacity in the low plateau (LP) region (0.8-2.0 V) does not decrease and is consistent during 40 cycles. The discharge process between Na and TiS2 has a complex reaction mechanism, the intercalation at the upper plateau region and the conversion at the low plateau region. Because, a distorted TiS2 phase appeared in the upper plateau, a new phase of NaxTiS2 was observed in the lower plateau, and the Na xTiS2 phase was disappeared after full discharge from the XRD and TEM results. The decrease of discharge capacity during cycling is occurred from the formation of NaxTiS2 phase in the cathode after full charging and is accumulated over cycling. © 2012 The Electrochemical Society.
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