The use of zinc ions to control the size of Yb/Er:KMnF<inf>3</inf> nanocrystals with single band emission

Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
CrystEngComm, 2015, 17 (44), pp. 8457 - 8462
Issue Date:
2015
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Yb/Er co-doped KMnF3 nanocrystals (NCs) exhibit strong single band emission centered at 660 nm, which is beneficial for bio-imaging application. It is known that the bio-distribution, clearance rate, and elimination pathway of intravenously injected NCs are strongly associated with the particle size. Here, we provide a novel method to modify the size of Yb/Er:KMnF3 NCs by introducing Zn2+ in the initial solution. Through changing the concentration of Zn2+ (0–30 mol%), the size of Yb/Er:KMnF3 NCs with cubic phase KMnF3 can be easily tuned from 8 nm to 18 nm. Interestingly, the Zn2+ ions were not incorporated into the lattice structure or adhered on the surface of the final NCs; they just helped the growth of Yb/Er:KMnF3 NCs. Combined with the upconversion emission spectra results, we can provide a direct evidence for the size-dependent upconversion luminescence on account of the final NCs with different sizes having the same components, shape, crystal structure and crystallinity.
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