Magnetic field enhanced upconversion luminescence and magnetic-optical hysteresis behaviors in NaYF<inf>4</inf>: Yb, Ho nanoparticles

Publication Type:
Journal Article
RSC Advances, 2016, 6 (9), pp. 7391 - 7395
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© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016. Upconversion, an anti-Stokes process converting two or more low energy photons into a high energy photon, has received much attention due to its wide applications ranging from photonics to medicine. As a nonlinear optical process, the efficiency of upconversion is inherently low, which strongly limits the applications of upconversion. Here we report the enhancement of upconversion luminescence in NaYF4: Yb, Ho nanoparticles with a pulse magnetic field. The intensity of emissions from 5S2, 5F4 → 5I8, 5F5 → 5I8 and 5S2, 5F4 → 5I7 transitions has been increased 1.71, 1.93, 1.68 times respectively. The enhanced emission has been ascribed to the enhanced energy transfer from Yb3+ to Ho3+ with increasing magnetic field intensity. Besides, the magnetic-optical hysteresis behaviors of upconversion luminescence intensity have also been observed when the magnetic field was scanned from 0 T to 40 T. This is connected with the sluggish kinetics of spin re-orientation of the paramagnetic lanthanide ions in the pulse magnetic field. The magnetic field modulated upconversion luminescence demonstrated here might provide a new approach to enhance the upconversion efficiency.
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