Dual-functional β-NaYF<inf>4</inf>: Yb<sup>3+</sup>, Er<sup>3+</sup> nanoparticles for bioimaging and temperature sensing

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Optical Materials Express, 2016, 6 (4), pp. 1056 - 1064
Issue Date:
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© 2016 Optical Society of America. Hexagonal-phase NaYF4: Yb3+, Er3+ nanoparticles (NPs) have been widely used as the most efficient NIR-to-visible upconversion (UC) luminescent and probe in bioscience. Here, we exploited not only the function of dual-mode emission of β-NaYF4: Yb3+, Er3+ NPs in the near infrared (NIR) and visible regions with single wavelength excitation at 980 nm, but also the function of physiological temperature sensing with the luminescence of Er3+ in the visible region. The structural and optical characteristics of β-NaYF4: Yb3+, Er3+ NPs were obtained using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM),and fluorescence spectral measurements, respectively; the mechanism for the energy transfer has been suggested with emphasis on the optimized Er/Yb concentration for most efficient UC. Due to the UC and down-shifting NIR properties, we achieved the dual-functional nanoparticles with potential application in physiological range temperature sensing and bioimaging simultaneously.
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