An ultra-low bandgap diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP)-based polymer with balanced ambipolar charge transport for organic field-effect transistors

Royal Society of Chemistry
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Journal Article
RSC Advances, 2016, 6 (82), pp. 78720 - 78726
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© 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry. A new A 1 -A 2 type polymer pDTDPP-TTF containing diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) and 2-ethylhexyl-3-fluorothieno[3,4-b]thiophene-2-carboxylate (TTF) as the main electron-accepting building blocks has been synthesized via Suzuki cross-coupling polycondensation. The introduction of TTF as an additional electron-deficient unit significantly lowers the LUMO energy level of this DPP containing polymer to -4.37 eV which is beneficial for efficient electron injection and transport. The pDTDPP-TTF polymer shows an ultra narrow optical bandgap of 1.06 eV with a broad absorption spectra covering the visible to near infrared region of up to 1300 nm. Solution-processed OFET devices with pDTDPP-TTF as the active semiconducting layer have been fabricated with the configurations of both bottom-gate bottom-contact (BG-BC) and top-gate bottom-contact (TG-BC). The BG-BC devices with SiO 2 as a dielectric exhibit ambipolar behavior with a hole and electron mobility of 1.85 × 10 -4 and 3.55 × 10 -5 cm 2 V -1 s -1 , respectively. Improved OFET performance has been achieved in TG-BC devices by using PMMA as the dielectric; balanced ambipolar charge transport is obtained with a hole and electron mobility of 6.17 × 10 -3 cm 2 V -1 s -1 and 3.13 × 10 -3 cm 2 V -1 s -1 , respectively. To the best of our knowledge, our work is among the very few examples of ultra-low bandgap semiconducting polymers with balanced ambipolar charge transport properties.
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