Empirical performance of cross-validation with oracle methods in a genomics context

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Journal Article
American Statistician, 2011, 65 (4), pp. 223 - 228
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When employing model selection methods with oracle properties such as the smoothly clipped absolute deviation (SCAD) and the Adaptive Lasso, it is typical to estimate the smoothing parameter by m-fold cross-validation, for example, m = 10. In problems where the true regression function is sparse and the signals large, such cross-validation typically works well. However, in regression modeling of genomic studies involving Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNP), the true regression functions, while thought to be sparse, do not have large signals. We demonstrate empirically that in such problems, the number of selected variables using SCAD and the Adaptive Lasso, with 10-fold cross-validation, is a random variable that has considerable and surprising variation. Similar remarks apply to nonoracle methods such as the Lasso. Our study strongly questions the suitability of performing only a single run of m-fold crossvalidation with any oracle method, and not just the SCAD and Adaptive Lasso. © 2011 American Statistical Association.
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