Strain Relaxation of Monolayer WS<inf>2</inf>on Plastic Substrate

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Advanced Functional Materials, 2016, 26 (47), pp. 8707 - 8714
Issue Date:
2016-12-20
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© 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Strain-dependent electrical and optical properties of atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenides may be useful in sensing applications. However, the question of how strain relaxes in atomically thin materials remains not well understood. Herein, the strain relaxation of triangular WS 2 deposited on polydimethylsiloxane substrate is investigated. The photoluminescence of trions (X – ) and excitons (X 0 ) undergoes linear redshifts of ≈20 meV when the substrate tensile strain increases from 0 to 0.16. However, when the substrate strain further increases from 0.16 to 0.32, the redshifts cease due to strain relaxation in WS 2 . The strain relaxation occurs through formation of wrinkles in the WS 2 crystal. The pattern of wrinkles is found to be dependent on the relative angle between an edge of the triangular WS 2 crystal and tensile strain direction. Finite element simulations of the strain distribution inside the WS 2 crystals explain the experimental observations.
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