Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), its tyrosine kinase receptor B (TrkB) and nicotine.

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Neurotoxicology, 2018, 65 pp. 186 - 195
Issue Date:
2018-03
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Nicotine is the major neurotoxicant in cigarettes that affects many transmitter systems within the brain as well as other factors, including the growth factors. Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), is the most abundant growth factor in the brain and plays a critical role in early new neuron differentiation, development and synapsis growth, and the survival of fully developed neurons and synaptic activity. Over the past 3 decades, data has emerged on the effects of nicotine and cigarette smoke exposure on the expression of BDNF and its primary specific receptor tyrosine kinase receptor B (TrkB). This review summarizes data regarding the changes in brain BDNF expression after nicotine or cigarette smoke exposure, and discusses their implications considering BDNF's functional roles.
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