Comprehensive preoperative work-up and surgical treatment of low grade tumor/benign lesion related temporal lobe epilepsy.

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Journal Article
Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 2017, 39 pp. 203 - 208
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Generally low-grade tumor/benign lesion related temporal lobe epilepsy (LGT/BL-TLE) is considered easier to treat and has better prognosis when compared to non-lesional TLE. However, multiple disputes exist in surgical management of this epilepsy entity. This study aims to discuss comprehensive preoperative work-up, surgical strategies and outcome of it.A retrospective review of sixty LGT/BL-TLE cases which underwent comprehensive preoperative work-up and then resective surgeries was conducted. Surgical strategies were categorized into limited and expanded resections. Surgical efficacy was evaluated using Engel grading after telephone or clinic follow-up and compared statistically.Preoperative work-up includes magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), conventional electroencephalography, semiology evaluation, positron emission tomography (PET) and 256-channel dense-array electroencephalography source imaging (256-ch dESI). In aspect of concordance with epileptic lesions demonstrated on MRI, 256-ch dESI was more accurate than PET (72.7% vs. 39.4%) (p<0.05). Limited resections were performed in 28 cases while expanded resections in 32 cases. Altogether the surgical efficacy was: Engel grade I 86.7%, I+II 95.0%. Comparison of surgical outcome showed neither the outcome between limited and expanded resection nor the outcome between mesial and neocortical TLE (mTLE & nTLE) undergoing limited resections was significantly different (p>0.05).For LGT/BL-TLE, most surgical strategies can be made preoperatively after comprehensive work-up rather than intraoperatively. Limited and expanded strategies yield similar surgical outcome in either nTLE or mTLE as long as comprehensive work-up supports the strategy and the epileptic lesion is totally removed. 256-ch dESI which can visualize both structural and electrophysiological lesions may be contributable to surgical planning of this entity.
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