Towards on-chip photon-pair bell tests: Spatial pump filtering in a LiNbO<inf>3</inf> adiabatic coupler

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Applied Physics Letters, 2017, 111 (26)
Issue Date:
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© 2017 Author(s). Nonlinear optical waveguides enable the integration of entangled photon sources and quantum logic gates on a quantum photonic chip. One of the major challenges in such systems is separating the generated entangled photons from the pump laser light. In this work, we experimentally characterize double-N-shaped nonlinear optical adiabatic couplers designed for the generation of spatially entangled photon pairs through spontaneous parametric down-conversion, while simultaneously providing spatial pump filtering and keeping photon-pair states pure. We observe that the pump photons at a wavelength of 671 nm mostly remain in the central waveguide, achieving a filtering ratio of over 20 dB at the outer waveguides. We also perform classical characterization at the photon-pair wavelength of 1342 nm and observe that light fully couples from an input central waveguide to the outer waveguides, showing on chip separation of the pump and the photon-pair wavelength.
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