Enhancement of mammary tumour growth by IGFBP-3 involves impaired T cell accumulation

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Journal Article
Endocrine-Related Cancer, 2018, 25 (2), pp. 111 - 122
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© 2018 Society for Endocrinology Published by Bioscientifica Ltd. Epidemiological studies show an association between obesity and poor breast cancer prognosis. We previously demonstrated that global IGFBP-3 deficiency, in IGFBP-3-null mice, resulted in a 50% reduction in mammary tumour growth over 3 weeks relative to tumours in wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice. This growth reduction was ameliorated by high fat feeding-induced obesity. This study aimed to examine how IGFBP-3 promotes tumour growth by influencing the immune tumour microenvironment in healthy and obese mice. Syngeneic EO771 cells, which lack detectable IGFBP-3 expression, were grown as orthotopic tumours in WT and IGFBP-3-null C57BL/6 mice placed on either a control chow or a high-fat diet (HFD), and examined by quantitative PCR and immunohistochemistry. In WT mice, increased stromal expression of IGFBP-3 was positively associated with tumour growth, supporting the hypothesis that IGFBP-3 in the microenvironment promotes tumour progression. Examining markers of immune cell subsets, gene expression of Ifng, Cd8a, Cd8b1 and TNF and CD8 measured by immunohistochemistry were elevated in tumours of IGFBP-3-null mice compared to WT, indicating an accumulation of CD8+ T cells, but this increase was absent if the IGFBP-3-null mice had been exposed to HFD. Expression of these genes was negatively associated with tumour growth. Although similar among groups overall, Nkg2d and TNFsf10 tumoural expression was associated with decreased tumour growth. Overall, the results of this study provide an immunebased mechanism by which host IGFBP-3 may promote breast tumour growth in the EO771 murine breast cancer model, and suggest that targeting IGFBP-3 might make a novel contribution to immune therapy for breast cancer.
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