Optical readout of hydrogen storage in films of Au and Pd

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Journal Article
Optics Express, 2017, 25 (20), pp. 24081 - 24092
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© 2017 Optical Society of America. For hydrogen sensor and storage applications, films of Au and Pd were (i) co-sputtered at different rates or (ii) deposited in a sequentially alternating fashion to create a layered structure on a cover glass. Peculiarities of hydrogen uptake and release were optically monitored using 1.3 μm wavelength light. Increase of optical transmission was observed for hydrogenated Pd-rich films of 10-30 nm thickness. Up to a three times slower hydrogen release took place as compared with the hydrogen uptake. Compositional ratio of Au:Pd and thermal treatment of films provided control over the optical extinction changes and hydrogen uptake/release time constants. Higher uptake and release rates were observed in the annealed Au:Pd films as compared to those deposited at room temperature and were faster for the Au-richer films. Three main parameters relevant for sensors: sensitivity, selectivity, stability (reproducibility) are discussed together with the hydrogenation mechanism in Au:Pd alloys.
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