Highly enhanced low-temperature performances of LiFePO<inf>4</inf>/C cathode materials prepared by polyol route for lithium-ion batteries

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Journal Article
Ionics, 2017, 23 (1), pp. 19 - 26
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10.1007%2Fs11581-016-1818-7.pdfPublished Version1.56 MB
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© 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Although LiFePO4/C has been successfully put into practical use in lithium-ion batteries equipped on new energy vehicles, its unsatisfactory low temperature results in poor low performance of lithium-ion batteries, leading to a much smaller continue voyage course at extreme environments with low temperature for electric vehicles. In this paper, the electrochemical performance of the LiFePO4/C prepared by polyol route was investigated at a temperature range from 25 to −20 °C. Compared to commercial ones, as-prepared LiFePO4/C shows a much better low-temperature performance with a reversible capacity of 30 mA h g−1even at 5 C under −20 °C and a capacity retention of 91.1 % after 100 cycles at 0.1 C under 0 °C. Moreover, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) revealed that this outstanding performance at low temperatures could be assigned to uniform carbon coating and the nano-sized particles with a highly crystalline structure.
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