New insights into low temperature properties of Li-rich layered cathode materials

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Journal Article
Journal of Power Sources, 2017, 353 pp. 51 - 57
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© 2017 Since Li-ion batteries made of Li-rich layered materials might work at extreme environments, understanding the low temperature properties of Li-rich layered materials is of great importance. In this article, the low temperature properties and corresponding mechanism of Li-rich layered materials with a great amount of activated Li2MnO3are unraveled through a comparison of the low temperature characteristics of Li-rich layered materials with a small amount of activated Li2MnO3versus the former. Our findings indicate that in the electrode with a large amount of activated Li2MnO3,the sluggish kinetics of the electrode reaction at low temperatures suppresses greatly the Mn4+/Mn3+reduction reaction, leading to much smaller initial discharge capacity and much better cyclic performance compared with situations at room temperature. Moreover, the increasingly suppressed Mn4+/Mn3+reduction reaction stop the discharge voltage fading, which might mitigate the layered-to-spinel phase transformation.
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