Safety and immunogenicity of a prototype anti-Chlamydia pecorum recombinant protein vaccine in lambs and pregnant ewes

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Journal Article
Vaccine, 2017, 35 (27), pp. 3461 - 3465
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© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Arthritis and kerato-conjunctivitis caused by Chlamydia pecorum in lambs are difficult to diagnose and treat. We tested the ability of a prototype C. pecorum vaccine (SC-vaccine), comprised of C. pecorum major outer membrane protein (MOMP-G) and polymorphic membrane protein G (PmpG), to trigger a Chlamydia-specific humoral and cell-mediated immune response in lambs and pregnant ewes. Vaccinations with the SC-vaccine (one and two injections) were very well tolerated by all ewes and lambs. Although the overall immune responses of ewes to SC-vaccination was poor, their lambs showed stronger antigen-specific immune response than lambs from control vaccine ewes. SC-vaccination in lambs triggered production of systemic anti-MOMP-G and anti-PmpG IgG antibodies and secretory IgA in the ocular mucosa. Double vaccination caused statistically significant increases in the height and duration of the humoral response. Antigen-specific IFN-γ was produced in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of vaccinated lambs.
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