The dinoflagellate genera Gambierdiscus and Ostreopsis from subtropical Raoul Island and North Meyer Island, Kermadec Islands

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Journal Article
New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 2017, 51 (4), pp. 490 - 504
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© 2016 The Royal Society of New Zealand. An expedition to North Meyer Island, Kermadec Islands, in November 2015, resulted in the isolation of two Gambierdiscus species, G. australes and a previously unknown Gambierdiscus species maintained in the Cawthron Institute Culture Collection of Micro-algae as CAWD242. Identifications were based on morphology and DNA sequence data analysis. Nine isolates of G. australes produced maitotoxin-1 (MTX-1) ranging from present (detectable but below the confidence level) to 36.6 pg per cell. One further isolate did not produce MTX-1, but all G. australes isolates produced putative MTX-3. Isolate CAWD242 was negative for MTX-1 but produced MTX-3. Ostreopsis sp. 3 isolated from samples collected during an earlier expedition in 2013 produced low concentrations of palytoxin (PLTX)-like compounds (0.013 pg per cell), but an isolate of the same species from samples collected in 2015 was non-toxic. Other dinoflagellates isolated and identified were Coolia malayensis, Amphidinium carterae and Prorocentrum hoffmannianum.
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