P-type β-gallium oxide: A new perspective for power and optoelectronic devices

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Journal Article
Materials Today Physics, 2017, 3 pp. 118 - 126
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© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Wide-bandgap semiconductors (WBG) are expected to be applied to solid-state lighting and power devices, supporting a future energy-saving society. Here we present evidence of p-type conduction in the undoped WBG β-Ga 2 O 3 . Hole conduction, established by Hall and Seebeck measurements, is consistent with findings from photoemission and cathodoluminescence spectroscopies. The ionization energy of the acceptor level was measured to be 1.1eV above the valence band edge. The gallium vacancy was identified as a possible acceptor candidate based on thermodynamic equilibrium Ga 2 O 3 (crystal) – O 2 (gas) system calculations (Kroger theory) which revealed a window without oxygen vacancy compensation. The possibility of fabricating large diameter wafers of β-Ga 2 O 3 of p and n type nature, provides new avenues for high power and deep UV-optoelectronic devices.
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