Acquisition and metabolism of carbon in the ochrophyta other than diatoms

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2017, 372 (1728)
Issue Date:
2017-09-05
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© 2017 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved. The acquisition and assimilation of inorganic C have been investigated in several of the 15 clades of the Ochrophyta other than diatoms, with biochemical, physiological and genomic data indicating significant mechanistic variation. Form ID Rubiscos in the Ochrophyta are characterized by a broad range of kinetics values. In spite of relatively high K0.5CO2and low CO2: O2selectivity, diffusive entry of CO2occurs in the Chrysophyceae and Synurophyceae. Eustigmatophyceae and Phaeophyceae, on the contrary, have CO2concentrating mechanisms, usually involving the direct or indirect use of HCO3. This variability is possibly due to the ecological contexts of the organism. In brown algae, C fixation generally takes place through a classical C3 metabolism, but there are some hints of the occurrence of C4 metabolism and low amplitude CAM in a few members of the Fucales. Genomic data show the presence of a number of potential C4 and CAM genes in Ochrophyta other than diatoms, but the other core functions of many of these genes give a very limited diagnostic value to their presence and are insufficient to conclude that C4 photosynthesis is present in these algae.
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