Understanding interactions between plasticity, adaptation and range shifts in response to marine environmental change
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2019, 374 (1768)
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© 2019 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved. Climate change is leading to shifts in species geographical distributions, but populations are also probably adapting to environmental change at different rates across their range. Owing to a lack of natural and empirical data on the influence of phenotypic adaptation on range shifts of marine species, we provide a general conceptual model for understanding population responses to climate change that incorporates plasticity and adaptation to environmental change in marine ecosystems. We use this conceptual model to help inform where within the geographical range each mechanism will probably operate most strongly and explore the supporting evidence in species. We then expand the discussion from a single-species perspective to community-level responses and use the conceptual model to visualize and guide research into the important yet poorly understood processes of plasticity and adaptation.
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