Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Novel Pyrazoles and Indazoles as Activators of the Nitric Oxide Receptor, Soluble Guanylate Cyclase

Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Journal Of Medicinal Chemistry, 2001, 44 pp. 78 - 93
Issue Date:
2001-01
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Database searching and compound screening identified !-benzyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyloxy). indazole (benzydamine, 3) as a potent activator of the nitric oxide receptor, soluble guanylate cyclase. A ompr~hensive structure-activity relationship study surrounding 3 clearly showed that the indazole C-3 dimethylaminopropyloxy substituent was critical for enzyme activity. However' replacement of the indazole ring of 3 by appropriately substituted pyrazoles maintained enzyme activity. Compounds were evaluated for inhibition of platelet aggregation and showed a general lipophilicity requirement. Aryl-substituted pyrazoles 32, 34, and 43 demonstrated potent activation of soluble guanylate cyclase and potent inhibition of platelet aggregation. Pharmacokinetic studies in rats showed that compound 32 exhibits modest oral bioavailability (12%). Furthermore 32 has an excellent selectivity profile notably showing)no significant inhibition of phosphodiesterases or nitric oxide synthases.
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