Derivation of vegetation isoline equations in red-NIR reflectance space

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2000, 38 (2 I), pp. 838 - 848
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A technique to derive vegetation isoline equations in red-NIR reflectance space for homogeneous canopies is proposed and demonstrated. A canopy radiative transfer model, known as the Cooper-Smith-Pitts model, is utilized with truncation of the higher order interaction term between the canopy and soil layers. The technique consists of two model simulations, one with a perfect absorber as canopy background and the other with an arbitrary background to estimate the canopy optical properties necessary for the determination of the isoline parameters. These cases are independent of the soil optical properties of any specific site. Hence, the results can be used for any type or series of soils to construct the vegetation isoline equation. A set of simulations was also conducted using the SAIL model to demonstrate the vegetation isoline derivation by the proposed technique. Reflectances and vegetation indices (VI) estimated from the vegetation isoline generally showed good agreement with those simulated by the SAIL model, especially for relatively darker soil. The isoline equation and derivation were found to be useful for further study of two-band VI's and their variation with canopy background.
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