Microscopic Examination of Distribution and Phenotypic Properties of Phylogenetically Diverse Chloroflexaceae-Related Bacteria in Hot Spring Microbial Mats

American Society for Microbiology
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Journal Article
Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2002, 68 (9), pp. 4593 - 4603
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We investigated the diversity, distribution, and phenotypes of uncultivated Chloroflexaceae-related bacteria in photosynthetic microbial mats of an alkaline hot spring (Mushroom Spring, Yellowstone National Park). By applying a directed PCR approach, molecular cloning, and sequence analysis of 16S rRNA genes, an unexpectedly large phylogenetic diversity among these bacteria was detected. Oligonucleotide probes were designed to target 16S rRNAs from organisms affiliated with the genus Chloroflexus or with the type C cluster, a group of previously discovered Chloroflexaceae relatives of this mat community. The application of peroxidase-labeled probes in conjunction with tyramide signal amplification enabled the identification of these organisms within the microbial mats by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and the investigation of their morphology, abundance, and small-scale distribution
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