Photonic Nanostructures from Hexagonal Boron Nitride

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Journal Article
Advanced Optical Materials, 2019, 7 (4)
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© 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Growing interest in devices based on layered van der Waals (vdW) materials is motivating the development of new nanofabrication methods. Hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) is one of the most promising materials for studies of quantum photonics and phonon polaritonics. A promising nanofabrication process used to fabricate several hBN photonic devices using a hybrid reactive ion etching (RIE) and electron beam-induced etching (EBIE) technique is reported in detail here. The shortcomings and benefits of RIE and EBIE are highlighted and the utility of the hybrid approach for the fabrication of suspended and supported device structures with nanoscale features and highly vertical sidewalls are demonstrated. Functionality of the fabricated devices is proven by measurements of high-quality cavity optical modes (Q ≈ 1500). This nanofabrication approach constitutes an advance toward an integrated, monolithic quantum photonics platform based on hBN and other layered vdW materials.
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