Porous Na <inf>3</inf> V <inf>2</inf> (PO <inf>4</inf> ) <inf>3</inf> /C nanoplates for high-performance sodium storage

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Journal Article
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2019, 539 pp. 168 - 174
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© 2018 Sodium super-ionic conductor (NASICON) structured Na 3 V 2 (PO 4 ) 3 (NVP), a promising cathode material for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs), benefits by its unique three-dimensional (3D) channel structure. However, the inherent characteristics of NVP (such as low electrical conductivity) usually lead to inferior rate and long-cycling performance, which miss the requirements of practical application in electrical energy storage systems (ESSs). Herein, we propose the synthesis of porous high-crystalline Na 3 V 2 (PO 4 ) 3 /C nanoplates (NVP/C-P) via hydrothermal method and post-calcination. The porous nanoplate structure provides increased specific surface area and shortened diffusion pathway for ion/electron transport. Consequently, NVP/C-P cathodes exhibit a high specific capacity (117 mAh g −1 , 0.2 C), exceptional rate performance (76.5 mAh g −1 , 100 C) and long cyclic stability (10,000 cycles).
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