New strategy for designing orangish-red-emitting phosphor via oxygen-vacancy-induced electronic localization

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Light: Science and Applications, 2019, 8 (1)
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© 2019, The Author(s). Phosphor-converted white-light-emitting diodes (pc-WLED) have been extensively employed as solid-state lighting sources, which have a very important role in people’s daily lives. However, due to the scarcity of the red component, it is difficult to realize warm white light efficiently. Hence, red-emitting phosphors are urgently required for improving the illumination quality. In this work, we develop a novel orangish-red La 4 GeO 8 :Bi 3+ phosphor, the emission peak of which is located at 600 nm under near-ultraviolet (n-UV) light excitation. The full width at half maximum (fwhm) is 103 nm, the internal quantum efficiency (IQE) exceeds 88%, and the external quantum efficiency (EQE) is 69%. According to Rietveld refinement analysis and density functional theory (DFT) calculations, Bi 3+ ions randomly occupy all La sites in orthorhombic La 4 GeO 8 . Importantly, the oxygen-vacancy-induced electronic localization around the Bi 3+ ions is the main reason for the highly efficient orangish-red luminescence. These results provide a new perspective and insight from the local electron structure for designing inorganic phosphor materials that realize the unique luminescence performance of Bi 3+ ions.
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